Dr. Shiyali Ramamrita Ranganathan was a abstracted who accomplished the accent of library legislation for the advance and development of library movement in India. He was a clear-sighted accepting absolutely adherent to the could cause of library and advice science. He was absolutely acquainted apropos the role of libraries in the accessory of apprenticeship in any society. He accepted the appulse of educational advance for the development of country and the capability and account of libraries to advance education.
In 1924, Dr. S. R. Ranganathan visited a amount of accessible libraries during his break in United Kingdom. These visits enabled him to abstraction the system, functioning, allotment and casework of assorted libraries. As a aftereffect he was assertive that library legislation abandoned would accommodate a systematic, well-knit and able accessible library service. Since accessible libraries are breezy agencies of education, accordingly it is binding for a abundance accompaniment to provide, advance and advance a arrangement of accessible libraries to accommodated the needs of the masses. A accessible library accepting capital a peoples’ academy is to be maintained out of accessible funds, which accept to be calm a lot of equitably. Only the government has got the ability and ascendancy to appoint and aggregate taxes through acknowledged sanction, appropriately library legislation is capital to aggregate the library cess. Thus it is credible that it is acute for the government to achieve library legislation for the enactment and bland activity of a arrangement of accessible libraries to baby to the educational needs of the accepted public.
Dr. S. R. Ranganathan was the aboriginal accepting in India who anytime anticipation about the charge for library legislation in 1925 afterwards abiding to India from England. He drafted a ‘Model Library Act’ and presented it for altercation at the Aboriginal All Asia Educational Conference, which was captivated in Banaras on 27-30 December 1930. The participants of the appointment were absolutely assertive with the advantages of abstract legislation and the angle of Dr. S. R. Ranganathan. This ‘Model Library Act’ was appear by the Madras Library Association during the year 1936. He afterwards on adapted the abstract Act twice- already in 1957 and afresh in 1972. This Model Library Act was alien in the appearance of Bill in the Madras Assembly in 1933, through Mr. Basher Ahmed Sayeed, the affiliate of the Assembly an enthusiast of accessible library system.
Salient appearance of Dr. S. R. Ranganathan’s Model Library Act are: –
Except the Kerala Accessible Libraries Act, 1989, all the Acts, which accept anesthetized in India during the years 1948 to 1990, accept the afflicted of Model Accessible Libraries Act drafted by Dr. S. R. Ranganathan.
Dr. S. R. Ranganathan fabricated assiduous efforts for accepting the library Acts anesthetized by assorted States in India and dreamt of accepting it a acreage of libraries. He able a amount of Model Bills for assorted States. Following is a account of them: –
He aswell able a Model Union Library Bill in 1948 and redrafted it in 1957.
India got the aboriginal Accessible Library Act through the amaranthine efforts of Dr. S. R. Ranganathan. For the aboriginal time the Accessible Library Act was anesthetized by the Madras Legislature in 1948. There is an absorbing adventure abaft the success of accepting the Library Bill allowable in the third attack in 1946 although the two attempts fabricated beforehand had failed. The aboriginal attack was fabricated by Janab Basher Ahmed Sayeed if he alien the Bill in Madras Legislature in 1933 but it could not get through as the Madras Legislature was attenuated in 1935. A additional attack was fabricated in 1938 but afterwards on the World War-II began and the Bill could not be adopted. In 1946, Mr. Avinashalingam Chettiar, who was an old apprentice of Dr. S. R. Ranganathan, became the Apprenticeship Minister in Madras State. One day, Dr. S. R. Ranganathan took a archetype of the Model Library Act and went to accommodated the Minister at his abode afterwards his accepted morning walk. The Minister was afraid to see his “Guru” aboriginal in the morning and enquired about the purpose of his visit. Dr. S. R. Ranganathan replied that he came to appeal his “Gurudakshina”. If the Minister promised to action the same, Dr. S. R. Ranganathan gave a archetype of Model Act and bidding his ambition to accept it allowable into a law during his administration as Minister. Mr. Avinashalingam Chettiar piloted the Bill and got it allowable in 1948.